A Tesla Megapack in Moss Landing, California
Andrew Evers | CNBC
At least one Tesla Megapack caught fire early Tuesday morning at the energy storage facility operated by utility PG&E in Monterey, California.
As of late Tuesday morning, there were no power outages for PG&E customers, nor any injuries to on-site personnel due to the fire, according to PG&E spokesperson Jeff Smith. The California utility became aware of the fire at 1:30 a.m. on September 20, 2022, Smith said in an e-mail.
The fire was not yet fully extinguished before publication.
PG&E commissioned the 182.5-megawatt (MW) Tesla Megapack system, known as the Elkhorn Battery at Moss Landing, in April this year.
Gigantic batteries like the Megapack, as well as those manufactured by ABB and Northvolt, enable grid operators to move extra capacity between counties or states, and ensure that power from intermittent sources can be stored and used when demand is higher, or when there are unplanned outages in a transmission network.
The fires in the energy storage systems at Moss Landing are reminiscent of incidents involving Tesla Megapacks in Australia. They also underscore the challenges of adopting new technology to improve the efficiency of the power grid, and to make greater use of electricity from intermittent, renewable resources like wind and solar.
There are two distinct energy storage projects at Moss Landing in Monterey. One is operated by PG&E and the other by Texas-based Vistra. On Tuesday, a spokesperson for Vistra told CNBC their facility was not impacted by this event. However, the Vistra side of Moss Landing has experienced two overheating incidents in the past.
California Highway Patrol closed a section of Highway 1 and redirected traffic away from the facility for hours following the fire.
Following the fire, some residents near the Elkhorn Battery substation at Moss Landing were told to shelter in place due to emissions.
According to Richard Stedman, an air pollution control officer for the Monterey Bay Air Resources District (MBARD), lithium ion battery fires can emit toxic constituents, including hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acid. MBARD did not have any immediate data about air quality impacts from the Elkhorn Battery fire, he said, but will work with local authorities to study the issue after the fire has been fully extinguished.
PG&E’s Jeff Smith noted, “Safety systems at the facility worked as designed when the issue was detected, and automatically disconnected the battery storage facility from the electrical grid.”
Correction: Previously, Vistra’s energy storage systems at the Moss Landing site overheated.
This is a developing story. Please check back for updates.